The focus of EU interventions undertaken so far within the framework of CFSP and ESDP has been on civilian missions. But the establishment of a Rapid Deployment Force and a joint EU armaments agency threatens to shift the focus to military actions. At the end of 2008 there were 13 ongoing EU missions abroad, including three military ones in Bosnia, Chad, and off the Somali coast, plus two paramilitary ones to reform the security sector in the Democratic Republic of Congo and Guinea-Bissau. Nine were completed, including three military missions: one in Macedonia and two in the Democratic Republic of Congo, as well as one paramilitary mission in the Sudanese region of Darfur. The civilian missions were mainly policing operations, including in Afghanistan, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Bosnia, Kosovo, Macedonia, and Palestine. EU civilians have also been stationed in Georgia since the Russia-Georgia War of August 2008, as well as at the Rafah border crossing in the Palestinian Gaza Strip.
Feminism and gender democracy are an all-encompassing shared task of the Heinrich Böll Foundation. The Gunda Werner Institute in the Heinrich Böll Foundation (GWI) combines gender political questions and furthers the debate about feminism and gender democracy.
Feminist Positions and Perspectives on Peace and Security Policy. In this publication the Gunda Werner Institute presents a detailed position paper to contribute to the international debate on peace and security policy. S. Publication series of the Gunda Werner Institute, Volume 6, March 2010.
No sustainable security policy without a gender perspective. Documentation of a conference of the Feminist Institute and the Friedrich Ebert Foundation in cooperation with the Women's Security Council on October 24-25, 2003 in Berlin. Publication Series of the Gunda Werner Institute, Vol. 2, second edition, Berlin 2007.