This study focuses on the areas permanently under Kurdish control with regime presence. These areas have experienced a quite different trajectory because they have been least affected by military fighting. While the human losses and damage suffered at the hands of ISIS should not be belittled, this area has hardly experienced aerial bombardments or fighting on the ground. Kurdish actors, for a long time tightly controlled by the Syrian regime, have been able to develop governance structures in parallel to the ones set up by the regime. While none of the Kurdish parties has openly called for independence understood as separation from Syria, Kurdish actors have come up with governance structures that explore the possibilities of autonomy within a federal state. They have come up with a constitution and an institutional design, and as far as it is in the range of their possibilities, they have been working on implementing it.
A vital part of this report in Southeast Asia involves showing the ways that ordinary people, activists, human rights defenders, and social movements are organizing to protect their communities from destruction and injustice. Some of the most vocal and active participants are women from the most affected communities in the region.
Dédé Oetomo stressed that the focus on LGBT issues in Indonesia is due to an increased level of intolerance and homo- and transphobia in recent months. In spite of these worrisome trends, Dédé Oetomo remains optimistic that Indonesian society has come a long way in terms of organizing around LGBT issues.
Afghan Women have had a long journey in terms of their rights and socio-political participation since the Taliban downfall in 2001. As Afghanistan has just entered into a new decade of transformation, the main questions related to women, peace and security remain: What has been built to ensure women’s protection and participation over the last decade? And what strategic approach could consolidate gender equality in the decade to come?
20 years after the Beijing Platform for Action, Kasumi Nakagawa, Professor at the Pannasastra University of Cambodia, reports on the improvements and challenges regarding gender equality in education and employment in Cambodia.