Beijing+20 in Europe

How successfully Europe has worked towards the goals of the Fourth World Conference on Women is difficult to assess - especially since national differences appear striking. In Russia, 43% of the private sectors leading positions are held by women. In Turkey, only 35% of all women are gainfully employed. Similarly, the gender pay gap differs: While the average wage discrepancy is 16.4%, it varies from 15% in Sweden to 30% in Estonia.

Generally, issues of gender and equality are largely approached from an economic perspective in Europe. This means that employment statistics, wage gaps and the balance of family and work for women take a privileged position. However, this does not mean that other issues should be relegated to the background, or even worse, come to be regarded as "solved".

So while the quota of gainfully employed women has slightly risen in Europe, almost 22% of women suffer violence from their partners and/or relatives and feminicides remain concrete threats in some regions. In the Baltic states and in Southern Europe, domestic violence remains a present issue. In almost all European countries, more women than men finish elementary education, but academic degrees and careers are still largely held by men.

In recent years, Europe has witnessed disturbing regress in terms of gender equality. In several countries in Central, Eastern, and Southeastern Europe, including some EU member countries, anti-emanzipatory movements fighting equal rights gain strength. These "anti-gender-movements" prefer a populist notion of retraditionalization over the rights of minorities and individual self-determination. They put pressure on feminist activists, spread disinformation, as for example about the alleged legislation of paedophilia, etc.

Political mobilisation against European values, together with homophobia and stigmatisation, can seriously endanger the basic rights of women, LGBTIs and migrants. The recent developments in Russia are a striking example. Moreover, mounting repressions against civil organisations, for example in the north Caucasus region, impede the work of women's organisations. The most often also anti-migrant, anti-feminist and ultra-nationalist ideologies, that also occur in Western Europe, need not to be underestimated.


Romani women can be brokers of change

At this year’s 59th session of the United Nations Commission on the Status of Women in New York, Martina Horváthová presented a report on the situation of Romani women in the Czech Republic.

By Martina Horváthová, Pavla Frýdlová

My right to question inequality

As Anna Argashvili recalls her childhood, she rememers the roles available to women in post-Soviet Georgia, traces the first instances of protest and resistance and highlights the current struggles of human rights activist in the region.

By Anna Arganashvili

Fake choice: legal gender recognition at the expense of irreversible sterilization

Twenty years have passed since the adoption of Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action. The countries that signed this document are summarizing the achieved progress and discuss the need for systemic changes, which will make these processes irreversible. At the same time, even today integration of specific groups into the general context of gender equality remains problematic. Transgender persons represent one of such groups, which require innovative approach and different attitudes due to the complete invisibility and specific needs that they have.

By Eka Aghdgomelashvili

We shall be justice!

"We shall be justice!" said Charlotte Bunch, at the opening of the Women’s Court in Sarajevo which represents an alternative model of transitional justice which introduces a gender perspective into existing mechanisms of attainment of justice, this time based on feminist foundations.

By Paula Petričević

Beijing + 20: A Critical Reflection

One cannot expect specific practical results from large global meetings like the Fourth World Conference on Women held in Beijing in 1995, as their purpose is entirely symbolic. But Beijing succeeded in mobilising world public opinion and in validating the issue of equal rights for women as an inalienable component of human rights.

By Alena Wagnerová

Undocumented Migrant Women

Gender-based violence in Europe’s fight against irregular migration Gender-based discrimination augments migrant women’s susceptibility to violence and when combined with an irregular status, contributes to a worrying culture of impunity within the EU.          

By Eve Geddie

The grey hair gap

The Gender Pay Gap also affects pensioners. The European Commission found that, among European pensioners aged over 65, women received on average € 886 per month compared with €1447 for men, i.e. a 39% gap.

By Francesca Bettio

Good to Know

  • Progress of the World's Women 2015/2016: detailed report by the UN Women on the economical barriers facing women, and strategies of improving the political participation of women on a global scale. more>>
  • Beijing Platform for Action
    Read the 1995 Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action here
    An overview the Platform's 12 critical areas of concern by the UN Women. more>>
  • Women in Armed Conflicts: in the context of the CSW 59, the GWI co-hosted an event at concering a pressing issue for the Platform - women in armed conflicts. more>>


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